There are new safer phacoemulsification platforms to perform cataract surgery with quicker recovery.
Cataract surgery progresses following a line of low-impact surgical trauma, to make it safer and get a faster functional recovery. Recently, new appliances (phacoemulsification platforms) have appeared, which improve in many aspects the above-mentioned points. Large companies of ophthalmology, Abbot (siganture with ellipsoid system) and Alcon (Costelation with oscillating system), provide new platforms for cataract surgery performed under 10 minutes, with an extraordinary security level, because they carry new sensors and specific programs for each type of cataract, allowing adaptation to the modus operandi of each eye surgeon.
In Area Oftalmologica Avanzada, we have both platforms, adjusted for each of the surgeons performing this surgery.
IMPROVED CALCULATION OF LENS THROUGH OPTICAL INTERFEROMETRY
With regard to diagnosis, the most important advances concern the calculation of intraocular lenses (IOL), implanted to replace the crystalline lens. New biometers has just appeared with optical interferometry technology, offering much more accurate eye measurements than those obtained with ultrasound and allowing the use of calculation formulas based upon ray tracing. The end result is a much more precise adjustment in the power of the lens that will be implanted by minimizing the graduations which appear after surgery and forcing the patient to use glasses for far vision, despite that the initial calculation was completely intended to correct the graduation prior to surgery.
INTRAOCULAR LENSES TO CORRECT PRESBYOPIA
Among the intraocular lenses, it is worth noting the vast improvement of new designs in multifocal IOLs, created to correct far and near vision. There are new lenses available (pseudo-accommodative, bifocals, spherical and toric lenses) that, in most cases, eliminate the need for glasses after cataract surgery. Both, the new above-mentioned biometers and the new lenses make this surgery so favorable that can be practiced in patients with deep cataracts, or even in individuals between 40 and 60 years of age with no cataracts but poor near vision (presbyopia) who want to stop wearing glasses for far vision (if they had to) and for near vision, which is so typical of this age.